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Created by : Muhammed jabir rifai, Graduate in Mechanical Engineering  | 04 19 2011 05:53:15 +0000
Functional Area : India(Markets)
Activity:  1495 views;  last activity : 04 30 2011 18:01:51 +0000
 
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Persistent organic pollutant

Endosulfan is a ‘persistent organic pollutant’ (POP) as defined under the Stockholm Convention: it is persistent in the environment, bioaccumulative, demonstrates long range environmental transport, and causes adverse effects to human health and the environment. Endosulfan is listed as a POP in the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), and is recognised as a Persistent Toxic Substance by the United Nations Environment Programme.

 

 

According to the European Union “endosulfan is very toxic to nearly all kinds of organisms”. wildlife. According to the US EPA, “Monitoring data and incident reports confirm that endosulfan is moving through aquatic and terrestrial food chains and that its use has resulted in adverse effects on the environment adjacent to and distant from itsregistered use sites”. including polar bears, antelope, crocodiles, Minke whales, and African vultures.

 

Unsafe to users

According to the US EPA, endosulfan presents “short- and intermediate-term risks for mixers, loaders, and applicators for the majority of uses, even with maximum Personal Protective Equipment and engineering controls”. equipment in the US includes chemical resistant footwear, chemical resistant gloves, chemical resistant head gear and a respirator. A survey of endosulfan sprayers working in Spain found 100% (total = 220) had traces of the insecticide in their blood.

Widespread poisonings

Endosulfan is one of the most frequently reported causes of unintentional poisoning, particularly in Asia, Latin America, and West Africa. Most cases occur as a result of occupational exposure. Poisoning incidents, including fatalities, are documented in Benin, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Mali, New Zealand, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Togo, Turkey and USA.

Endosulfan is highly toxic to aquatic organisms even at recommended levels of application

Towards a global ban

Endosulfan is banned or withdrawn in 70 countries worldwide; mostly in Europe, West Asia and the Far East. In February 2008, Benin became the first major West African country to announce a ban, following recommendations from local pest management experts.

 In the Indian Ocean Region endosulfan is banned in 8 nations. India is one of the major Indian Ocean rim nations, which has imposed no ban or restrictions on endosulfan. 


By Muhammed jabir rifai, Graduate in Mechanical Engineering  04 25 2011 05:48:14 +0000
 
Top Argument
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If it is harmful to crops & farmers , then it should be definitely banned in India. But it should not be banned for the sake of some foreign MNC. Thanks for referral, Muhammed.
By SHRIKANT MANOHAR DANKE, Zonal Manager / Sr. Project Manager ( Civil Engineering), Kumar Properties  04 19 2011 06:30:26 +0000
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A Regulatory authority must be formed to control the ussage of pesticides through licensing
By Shajprashanth K. A., CEO, PROPERTY EXCHANGE, www.propertyexchange.in  | 04 30 2011 18:01:49 +0000
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The effect of Endosulfan was revealed by Mr. Madhuraj, through his photographes published in Mathrubhumi 10 years back. In other states no such activities were conducted. Endosulfan may kill people from all states. It has no difference, whether it is kerala or kashmir


By Shajprashanth K. A., CEO, PROPERTY EXCHANGE, www.propertyexchange.in  | 04 28 2011 18:12:58 +0000
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http://toostep.com/debate/ban-on-endosulfan-is-essential-to-protect-the-right-to-live-

Article 21 of the Constitution is a fundamental right which reads as follows:

"No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law."

The opinion of Shri Justice Jeevan Reddy in the case Bichhari (AIR 1996 SC 1446) and Shri Justice Kuldeep Singh in Tamil Nadu Tanneries case (AIR 1996 SC 2715) form the most important juristic paradigm for a clean environment free from pollution and concern for safe earth needs not only Indians but for all men of all lands.

The State's responsibility with regard to raising the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health has been laid down under Article 47 of the Constitution which reads as follows:

"The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavor to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health."

Mahathmaji Told “Nature has provided everything for our need but not for greed”. It is a constant source of reminder for maintaining a fine balance between humanistic development and environment.

So we can not permit greedy people to pollute our Environment,

BAN ON ENDOSULFAN IS ESSENTIAL.


By Shajprashanth K. A., CEO, PROPERTY EXCHANGE, www.propertyexchange.in  | 04 28 2011 18:08:58 +0000
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Endosulphan need to be banned in india.


By Muhammed jabir rifai, Graduate in Mechanical Engineering  | 04 27 2011 15:30:58 +0000
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Dear sir. U still didn't gt the point. Not only the direct users are facing the problem but also the people in the area which it is used. How they can prepare with the safety measures prescribed by the manufacurers.?
By aditya j s, Freelancer, Automobile  | 04 20 2011 17:58:24 +0000
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Not only endosulphan to b banned and there are many such thing s are available. The major worrying factor is y Govt is silent on this issue.
By sudhakar , BUSINESS CONSULTANT  | 04 20 2011 16:39:54 +0000
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Mr.kaliyamoorthy, no safety measures can reduce the effects of endosulphan. The worst effects of endosulfan is not just observed in farmers or crops but in kids, women, new born babies and even the chemical effects are also found in mother's milk. Isn't it disgusting. U said It is economical but is it over important than the lives of the poor common people..?
By aditya j s, Freelancer, Automobile  | 04 20 2011 15:48:02 +0000
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thanks Jabir if i understood right the product should be banned right today. i think at places Govt should take hard look and decide.


By Rathin Deb, Advisor and retail consultant, currently as Branch Manager, Tower Infotech Ltd  | 04 20 2011 06:17:33 +0000
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it has already created a lot of problems and disabilities... so it should be completely banned..
By C Vasanth Kumar, Pharmacovigilance student, sarada vilas college of pharmacy  | 04 19 2011 16:56:51 +0000
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I dont knw much about endosulphan, i agree that. But i know one thing, after the use of endosulphan in kerala more than 100s of people were died causing severe cancer. Above 1000s of people were born with disabilities. People, media, and human rights organisations are fighting against the use of endosulphan for the past several years. This is a fact. And i believe that it is clinically proven that endosulphan is causing the cancer. If u still think that endosulphan should not be banned, please do visit to the endosulphan affected areas in kasargod district in kerala. I am sure everyone will support the ban of endosulphan in india after the visit.
By Muhammed jabir rifai, Graduate in Mechanical Engineering  | 04 19 2011 16:20:04 +0000
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It Should be banned...it is harmful to crops and farmers...once we have to get the Kerala incident into our mind...nearly 135 people had been died due to this poisoning initially it has been banned after bann was revoked due to political pressures..so many big MNCs are part of this political pressure. we have to fight to bann this....
By KRISHNA MOHAN CHILAKALA, M.Pharma student, CHALAPATHI INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES  | 04 19 2011 15:03:01 +0000
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need to bebanned , its lead neuro toxic and affect the soil fertility
By satheesh , executive technical assissant, NBA,india(temperory)  | 04 19 2011 10:28:06 +0000
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It should be banned ....It might be effective and economical but so many side effects
By Ravi , R&D Test Engineer, Nokia  | 04 19 2011 09:50:26 +0000
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Dear Mohamed Jabir,

Convention is not a regulation for a Nation firstly. Secondly, the theme of the convention is to be implemented in true spirit to propagate the message across the people.

A complete list of countries where endosulfan is currently
in use does not exist. But according to PAN data
endosulfan is still in use in the following countries: Australia,
Bangladesh, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, China,
Ghana, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, India, Iran, Israel,
Japan, Korea, Madagascar, Mexico, New Zealand,
Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Russia, South Africa,
Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda and United States.

Moreover, Stockholm investors are interested in your Business. Alternative methods suggested to reduce the effect of Endosulfan . Read here. Plenty of reports are available that encourage safe use / alternaive methods.http://www.hindu.com/2011/04/22/stories/2011042254060600.htm

They are also going to include Endosulfan in convention2.

Whatsoever, the convention , regulation, norms are, the safety is to be ensured by every individual like you and I. ALTERNATIVE ALSO, EQUALLY HAS IMPACT UPON HUMAN-BEINGS.


By KALIYAMOORTHY , PHSEM, CTCI Corporation  | 04 25 2011 10:28:49 +0000
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Dear Mr. Aditya,

Your point is still not convincing me.

Firstly, the absorption of Endosulfan , is mostly through Inhalation, Oral, Dermal (through skin contact). The Lethal dose / LEL / SEL (LOWER EXPOSURE LIMIT/Safe exposure limit) are highlighted by the producer. The operator needs to take precaution to avoid poisoning through safety measures. By using rubber gloves, apron , Face mask etc when involved in spray. Neglecting these guidelines will create side-effects as it is being a Chemical.

Secondly, in Industry, while involving in any works say a radio-active material/carcinogen/ toxic, proper PPE is used & also adjacent neighbors are warned about the ill-effects due to its half-life. So water shed needs to be protected by not draining during Half-life period. Also, adequately neighbors are to be informed about its use.

Thirdly, as per your statement, it has gone to the generation indicates that, operators has totally violated the instructions & also , to keep the operator safety, they need to be changed from the job very frequently. So that, their unnecessary exposure is limited.

Fourthly, Indian farmers are illiterate & Land-lords press them to work for just money.They do not know these or even if they know about it , they will not follow it. Labors are generally affected by this attitude.

Fifthly, as many news carries that, there are alternative made available in the market. Still ,why they do not opt for the alternative available in the market.

Sixthly, it is not the least, it is a contest to get market by EU or Out-side-agency in India, as they lost their stock value by loosing it here.


By KALIYAMOORTHY , PHSEM, CTCI Corporation  | 04 24 2011 12:10:25 +0000
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I feel the endosulfan issue is politicised for a personal interests. However, if endosulfan was harmful on crops you and I would have been dead by now. This pesticide has been used on legumes, mangoes, apples and many more crops for more than 55 years. How do you justify a ban on an age old pesticide by just listening to certain funded studies claiming a pesticide harmful. Think logically before supporting a global issue like this!
By khushi , Associate Account Executive, Adfactors PR  | 04 24 2011 09:13:07 +0000
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Apart from Kerala, which part of India has faced problems?
By khushi , Associate Account Executive, Adfactors PR  | 04 24 2011 09:06:14 +0000
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One question to every person who supports Endosulfan..Think why is only Kerala affected of Endosulfan? Endosulfan has been used in greater quantities in other parts of India but no place has still reported any disorders even similar to the ones reported in Kerala. Do you think it is fair to ban a 55 year old pesticide because of a reported incident in a small part of India? Farmers experience across the country can be ignored so easily? The people suffering in Kerala, precisely, Kasargod is hurting and they should be compensated in a favourable manner but not at the cost of millions of farmers and there after, the complete human race!
By khushi , Associate Account Executive, Adfactors PR  | 04 24 2011 09:04:21 +0000
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Dear Mr. Aditya,

How come you have Endosulfan PENETRATED IN LIFE SO MUCH? IS IT NOT BECAUSE THAT, THE USERS FAILED TO FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTION FOR USE AS DIRECTED BY THE MANUFACTURERS.?

We use BTEX(Benzene, Tulene, Ethelene, Xylene), very toxic material. Are we succumb to adverse effect as you say?. Because chemical industry follows handling methods as instructed whereas, the innocent farmers, unaware of its' using.

Asbestoses, a carcinogen, banned a long back, Are we not using it? ASK THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY people , they will list out the banned item being used with proper care & guidance.


By KALIYAMOORTHY , PHSEM, CTCI Corporation  | 04 20 2011 16:40:01 +0000
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There are so many toxic / carcinogenic substance are used in Industry. We do not stop using it. But, we follow proper safety standards( a procedure for transportation, handling, use at work-site using personal protective equipments).

In Agri-industry, I believe it is not followed firstly,and secondly, the awareness on use,handling,and of PPE is not prevalent. To ensure maximum safety, the user needs to safety measures advised by the manufacturers.

Lethal dose, is the criteria followed in using toxic chemicals, substances. No effect observation effect limit(NOEL) is the level we can use without any adverse effect ie 0.002 mg/kg/day.

Moreover, in Agriculture, farmers' exposures to it is not a long-time, it is only a short-time exposure. So accordingly, with proper safety standards & awareness in use, can be encouraged to reduce the ill-effects of chemicals.

Safety awareness among the farmers needs to be improved as far as toxic effect if it has.

Here the hue and cry are,

Because, Endosulfan is economical & has a very good market in India, Companies with alternate products thats' quiet expensive are trying to lure market in India(particularly its use in MP, Maharastra, Andhrapradesh, Punjab etc). To achieve their target, they also wooed many NGO's & media to help get the results.

My contention is that as in other Industry, in Agriculture also, Safety awareness & adherance to PPE is to be implemented strictly, when Chemicals such as Endosulfan is used . Farmers are economically weak, so these items can be supplied by the Retail vendors for its use.


By KALIYAMOORTHY , PHSEM, CTCI Corporation  | 04 20 2011 01:38:09 +0000
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Hey,

You said," Endosulfan is to banned". But on what ground? You have not given your argument.

Read more information on Endosulfan in Agricultural Information.

The economical aspect in using Endosulphan is explained in & also, the business motive behind by EU .

http://www.whybanendosulfan.org/endosulfan-alternatives.htm

http://endosulfansulfatefacts.wordpress.com/2011/04/18/reviewing-the-alternatives-of-endosulfan/


By KALIYAMOORTHY , PHSEM, CTCI Corporation  | 04 19 2011 15:19:07 +0000
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I think Bindu is exactly RIGHT. Pepsi,Coke are all fertilizers as per Ramdeo but still lakhs of people quench their thirst every moment.Let us leave something on Govt also to decide better.
By KUMAR SAURABH JHA, HR Manager  | 04 19 2011 12:32:12 +0000
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Muhammed jabir rihafi why should we ban Endosulphan? What do you know about it? Did you even know the name before it came into lime light? Endosulphan is effective and economical, if it was not than we would have died till now.. Read more about endosulpan controversy click here


By Bindu Narayan, Product Development Manager, Care Biomedicals  | 04 19 2011 09:28:25 +0000
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