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Construction Planning & Management

 
Started by : Pragya Kothari, Construction-Heavy, DLF   02 25 2010 10:22:17 +0000
Industry : ConstructionFunctional Area : New Technologies(Technology)
Activity:  70 views;  last activity : 07 17 2013 07:22:08 +0000

The fire tragedy which claimed nine lives at a multi-storeyed building on the HAL Airport Road in Bangalore recently has raised concerns about fire safety in high-rise buildings. There's some concern that our buildings are not prepared to deal with such situations. Some say mock drills should be conducted often so that they become prepared to all kinds of calamities and accidents.

So users, I would like to know from you all, how buildings should be prepared to deal with fire and other emergencies?

 
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1 2 3 4 5
1 Abiding to fire safety rules & regulations
2 Education of the occupants is important
3 Develop a decongestant
4 Building Materials
5 safety in high rise buildings by abiding fire safety rules and regulations
6 Follow NFPA guidelines....

Abiding to fire safety rules & regulations

idea posted by Cyril Sr. Engineer Business Excellence

buildings should have proper fire fighting and fire detection systems.

Abiding with the safety rules & regulations during the construction and occupancy should be certified by the consultants and if any lackunas are found then occupancy should not be allowed. At the same time high penalty should be imposed on the builders for not following the regulations.

Fire safety plan should be apporoved by the concerend department and then only buildings should be allowed to build.

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by Naween Kumar, Head-Projects, Ascend Telecom Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd.  | 02 26 2010 08:15:28 +0000

We all knows,The existing rules and regulations, fire safety measures in high rise buildings and the role of the Fire Services department are under the scanner.

The stipulation in the Development Plan-2015 evolved by the Bangalore Development Authority and approved by the State Government, wherein ‘high rise’ is defined as buildings with a height of above 24 metres, too needs some fresh look.

Controversies

The following controversies have emerged after the Public Utility Building  fire:

What should be the definition of high rise?

Who is primarily responsible for ensuring fire safety measures?

Is it not necessary to have fire safety plans in all buildings?

Which are the agencies involved in the matter?

While the plan preparing and approving authority is primarily responsible for giving permission subject to fulfillment of all conditions regarding fire safety measures, which are the other agencies/departments which are to be involved/consulted?

Let us deal with these controversies, one by one.

High Rise Buildings

To have a universal definition of what constitutes a high rise may not be practical. In a rural area, a high rise may constitute even a two-storey building, whereas in a metro the stipulation of 25 Metres height cannot be considered technically correct unless the ‘in house’ preventive measures and the ability of the Fire Services department are in tandem.

As such, the basic requirement is to declare a practical guideline for identification of high-rise constructions.

This will have to be followed up by declaring the stipulations applicable to such buildings, specifying requirements such as fire exits, location of water tanks, details of fire equipments etc.

It is advisable to consult the Fire Services Department also, as it has the facilities such as vehicles, ladders, etc.

Primary Responsibility

The primary responsibility on focusing of ensuring that the fire safety measures are provided in all buildings, especially high rises, vested with the Owner/ Builder only.

However, as the authority to grant certificate in respect of fire safety is the Fire Services Department, it has to ensure that all the requirements of the National Building Code relating to fire safety are available in the building for which the certificate is issued.

The Department should also take into account the accessibility of the fire force personnel to reach the higher floors of the building through the lifts or by means of ladders available with them. In case this cannot be done, it will have to be construed as a failure on their part.

The main agencies having jurisdiction over a building construction need to be involved from the planning/ designing stage itself while taking up an apartment house/high rise building.

 As per the National Building Code and National Electricity Code, fire safety standards are mandatory for all buildings above two floors and high-rise buildings are those having a height of 15 metres or have flour floors, whichever is more. Fire escape, pumps, storage tanks, lift, fire fighting protection devices, fire alarms, fire extinguishers etc are to be provided in all high rise buildings without fail. For apartments above 35 meters height, certain relaxations in respect of ground level water tanks and pumps are in place.

The Indian Electricity Act and related Rules give the Chief Electrical Inspector at the State level the powers to ensure implementation of measures to prevent electricity-related fire incidents.

 The State Fire Services Department can inspect periodically all buildings which are 3/5 years old for monitoring fire safety standards.

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Education of the occupants is important

idea posted by Atul Joshi CEO/MD/Director, Lions Alliance General Trading Co

Occupants of the building need to be educated on the safety aspects, precautions and how to react in case of an emergency or what kind of corrective actions they can take to avert disasters.

During our safety training we were shown a video of the London Underground fire which started due a source of fire on an escalator (grease which was used to lubricate the chains of the escalator caught fire). The people in charge moved the people to a location they were trained to evacuate the people in case of an emergency, but they were not trained to use fire extinguishers. Fire extinguishers were available at the bottom of the stairs but they did not pick up one and extinguish the fire. If they would have been trained to use the fire extinguishers they would have saved a lot of lives and saved millions of pounds in damage.

 

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Develop a decongestant

idea posted by Mohammad Bakhsh Consultant(Civil), Rail Vikas Nigam Limited

Right to live safely in high rise buildings must be recognized.Fire fighting equipments and firefighters can rescue the occupants but at their own risk.Generally there are reasons for panics,fear of death  due to suffocation.So the victims find a short cut at their peril.The only possible solution to me is to develop decongestant  which keep the occupants clear of inhaling smokes so at least they can not die of suffocation.

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by T V Subba Rao, SENIOR EXECUTIVE, INDIAN ARMED FORCES  | 07 17 2013 07:22:08 +0000

SAFE CHUTES CONNECTED TO DECONGESTANT N CONNECTED TO SAFE DISTANCES..

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Building Materials

idea posted by Pragya Kothari Construction-Heavy, DLF

The best building materials for modern buildings are materials that will bend, won't burn so easily and will not break or shatter. Wood bends  and burns more than masonry or concrete. If masonry is used, heavy concrete supports with adequate re-bar to allow for flexing during a sudden fire or earthquakes is critical. Supports must have enough re-bar to prevent the concrete supports from burning, shattering or collapsing.

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safety in high rise buildings by abiding fire safety rules and regulations

idea posted by syed mohammed Project Manager, AL QUSSIE INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION DIVISION

I think safety in high rise buildings can be raised to high level by abiding fire fighting safety rules and regulations. The buildings should have external fire escape steel staircase from ground floor to top floor having access from all floors. The buildings should have fire cabinet on every floor with hose reel for water for fire fighting and dry and wet fire extinguishers on every floor and the maintenance people and residents should be adequately trained for fire fighting emergencies. The building should have extra capacity fire tank to hold sufficient water at all times for fire fighting emergencies. The exit signs should have enough battery power to run in fire time emergencies for people to see and leave the building safely. 

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Follow NFPA guidelines....

idea posted by Mehul Dalki Sr. Manager (HSE)

The National Fire Protection Association

states that there should be appropriate exits,

alarms, emergency lighting, communication

systems, and sprinkler systems are critical for

employee safety. When designing and maintaining

exits, it is essential to ensure that routes leading

to the exits, as well as the areas beyond the

exits, are accessible and free from materials

or items that would impede individuals from

easily and effectively evacuating. State and local

building code officials can help employers ensure

that the design and safety systems are adequate.

When there is an emergency, getting workers

out of high-rise buildings poses special challenges.

Preparing in advance to safely evacuate the

building is critical to the safety of employees

who work there.

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