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Facts about "Jana Gana Mana" - Just a thought for the National Anthem! How well do you know about it?

 
 
I have always wondered who is the "adhinayak" and "bharat bhagya vidhata",    whose praise we are singing. I thought might be Motherland India! Our current National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is sung throughout the country.
 
Did you know the following about our national anthem, I didn't.
 
To begin with, India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honour of King George V and the Queen of  England when they visited India in 1919.
 
To honour their visit Pandit Motilal  Nehru had the five stanzas included, which are in praise of the King and  Queen. (And most of us think it is in the praise of our great motherland!!!)
 
In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha etc. were mentioned. None of  the  princely states were recognised which are integral parts of India now Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala. Neither the Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea was included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time.
 
The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is "the bestower of good fortune".
 
Following is a translation of the five stanzas that glorify the King:
 
First stanza: (Indian) People wake up remembering your good name and ask for    your blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha naame jaage;tava    shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha)
 
Second stanza: Around your throne people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.
 
Third stanza: Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travellers beyond misery.
 
Fourth stanza: Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty-stricken, unconscious country? Waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
 
Fifth stanza: In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O' Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).
 
This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but depicts a bleak picture. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, whom are you glorifying? Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not  indicate that.
 
It is time now to understand the original  purpose and the implication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the past fifty years.
 
Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!!  It was an absurd reason but Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our dear Motherland India.
 
Wake up, it's high time! Shouldn't Vande Mataram be  our  National Anthem.
 Top Comment : Reuben Ray   | 10 24 2009 10:27:52 +0000
Those were the things of past and it should not bother our present or future. Now whenever we sing or hear our National Anthem, we think of present Bharat and stand in respect of India without bothering of its cause of origination. Whatever be its reason, now it is in the praise and respect of India and ourselves.
 
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36 comments on "Meaning of NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA - A MUST READ"
  Commented by  ASHISH N SONAVANE    | 08 13 2014 16:44:41 +0000
जन गण मन की कहानी ...............................
सन 1911 तक भारत की राजधानी बंगाल हुआ करता था। सन 1905 में जब बंगाल विभाजन
को लेकर अंग्रेजो के खिलाफ बंग-भंग आन्दोलन के विरोध में बंगाल के लोग उठ खड़े
हुए तो अंग्रेजो ने अपने आपको बचाने के लिए के कलकत्ता से हटाकर राजधानी को
दिल्ली ले गए और 1911में दिल्ली को राजधानी घोषित कर दिया। पूरे भारत में उस
समय लोग विद्रोह से भरे हुए थे तो अंग्रेजो ने अपने इंग्लॅण्ड के राजा को भारत
आमंत्रित किया ताकि लोग शांत हो जाये। इंग्लैंड का
राजा जोर्ज पंचम 1911 में भारत में आया। रविंद्रनाथ टैगोर पर दबाव बनाया गया
कि तुम्हे एक गीत जोर्ज पंचम के स्वागत में लिखना ही होगा।

उस समय टैगोर का परिवार अंग्रेजों के काफी नजदीक हुआ करता था, उनके परिवार के
बहुत से लोग ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी के लिए काम किया करते थे, उनके बड़े भाई
अवनींद्र नाथ टैगोर बहुत दिनों तक ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी के कलकत्ता डिविजन के
निदेशक (Director) रहे। उनके परिवार का बहुत पैसा ईस्ट इंडिया
कंपनी में लगा हुआ था। और खुद रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर की बहुत सहानुभूति थी
अंग्रेजों के लिए। रविंद्रनाथ टैगोर ने मन से या बेमन से जो गीत लिखा उसके बोल
है "जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे भारत भाग्य विधाता"। इस गीत के सारे के सारे
शब्दों में अंग्रेजी राजा जोर्ज पंचम का गुणगान है, जिसका अर्थ समझने पर पता
लगेगा कि ये तो हकीक़त में ही
अंग्रेजो की खुशामद में लिखा गया था।

इस राष्ट्रगान का अर्थ कुछ इस तरह से होता है "भारत के नागरिक, भारत की जनता
अपने मन से आपको भारत का भाग्य विधाता समझती है और मानती है। हे अधिनायक
(Superhero) तुम्ही भारत
के भाग्य विधाता हो। तुम्हारी जय हो ! जय हो ! जय हो ! तुम्हारे भारत आने से
सभी प्रान्त पंजाब, सिंध, गुजरात, मराठा मतलब महारास्त्र, द्रविड़मतलब दक्षिण
भारत, उत्कल मतलब उड़ीसा, बंगाल आदि और जितनी भी नदिया जैसे यमुना और गंगा ये
सभी हर्षित है, खुश है, प्रसन्न है , तुम्हारा नाम लेकर ही हम जागते है और
तुम्हारे नाम का आशीर्वाद चाहते है। तुम्हारी ही हम गाथा गाते है। हे भारत के
भाग्य
विधाता (सुपर हीरो ) तुम्हारी जय हो जय हो जय हो। "

जोर्ज पंचम भारत आया 1911 में और उसके स्वागत में ये गीत गाया गया। जब वो
इंग्लैंड चला गया तो उसने उस जन गण मन का अंग्रेजी में अनुवाद करवाया। क्योंकि
जब भारत में उसका इस गीत से स्वागत हुआ था तब उसके समझ में नहीं आया था कि ये
गीत क्यों गाया गया और इसका अर्थ क्या है। जब अंग्रेजी अनुवाद उसने सुना तो वह
बोला कि इतना सम्मान और इतनी खुशामद तो मेरी आज तक इंग्लॅण्ड में भी किसी ने
नहीं की। वह बहुत खुश हुआ। उसने आदेश दिया कि जिसने भी ये गीत उसके (जोर्ज
पंचम के) लिए लिखा है उसे इंग्लैंड बुलाया जाये। रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर इंग्लैंड
गए। जोर्ज पंचम उस समय नोबल पुरस्कार समिति का अध्यक्ष भी था।

उसने रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर को नोबल पुरस्कार से सम्मानित करने का फैसला किया। तो
रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर ने इस नोबल पुरस्कार को लेने से मना कर दिया। क्यों कि
गाँधी जी ने बहुत बुरी तरह से रविन्द्रनाथ टेगोर को उनके इस गीत के लिए खूब
डांटा था। टैगोर ने कहा की आप मुझे नोबल पुरस्कार देना ही चाहते हैं तो मैंने
एक गीतांजलि नामक रचना लिखी है उस पर मुझे दे दो लेकिन इस गीत के नाम पर मत दो
और यही प्रचारित किया जाये क़ि मुझे जो नोबेलपुरस्कार दिया गया है वो गीतांजलि
नामक रचना के ऊपर दिया गया है। जोर्ज पंचम मान गया और रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर को
सन 1913 में गीतांजलि नामक रचना के ऊपर नोबल पुरस्कार दिया गया। रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर की ये सहानुभूति ख़त्म हुई 1919 में जब जलिया वाला कांड
हुआ और गाँधी जी ने लगभग गाली की भाषा में उनको पत्र लिखा और कहा क़ि अभी भी
तुम्हारी आँखों से अंग्रेजियत का पर्दा नहीं उतरेगा तो कब उतरेगा,तुम
अंग्रेजों के इतने चाटुकार कैसे हो गए, तुम इनके इतने समर्थक कैसे हो गए ? फिर
गाँधी जी स्वयं रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर से मिलने गए और बहुत जोर से डाटा कि अभी तक
तुम अंग्रेजो की अंध भक्ति में डूबे हुए हो ? तब जाकर रविंद्रनाथ टैगोर की नीद
खुली। इस काण्ड का टैगोर ने विरोध किया और नोबल पुरस्कार अंग्रेजी हुकूमत को
लौटा दिया। सन 1919 से पहले जितना कुछ भी रविन्द्र नाथ टैगोर ने लिखा वो
अंग्रेजी सरकार के पक्ष में था और 1919के बाद उनके लेख कुछ कुछ अंग्रेजो के
खिलाफ होने लगे थे।

रविन्द्र नाथ टेगोर के बहनोई, सुरेन्द्र नाथ बनर्जी लन्दन में रहते थे
और ICS ऑफिसर थे। अपने बहनोई को उन्होंने एक पत्र लिखा था (ये 1919 के बाद की
घटना है) । इसमें उन्होंने लिखा है कि ये गीत 'जन गण मन' अंग्रेजो के द्वारा
मुझ
पर दबाव डलवाकर लिखवाया गया है। इसके शब्दों का अर्थ अच्छा नहीं है। इस गीत को
नहीं गाया जाये तो अच्छा है। लेकिन अंत में उन्होंने लिख दिया कि इस चिठ्ठी को
किसी को नहीं दिखाए क्योंकि मैं इसे सिर्फ आप तक सीमित रखना चाहता हूँ लेकिन
जब कभी मेरी म्रत्यु हो जाये तो सबको बता दे। 7 अगस्त 1941 को रबिन्द्र नाथ
टैगोर की मृत्यु के बाद इस पत्र को सुरेन्द्र नाथ बनर्जी ने ये पत्र
सार्वजनिक किया, और सारे देश को ये कहा क़ि ये जन गन मन गीत न गाया जाये।

1941 तक कांग्रेस पार्टी थोड़ी उभर चुकी थी। लेकिन वह दो खेमो में बट गई।
जिसमे एक खेमे के समर्थक बाल गंगाधर तिलक थे और दुसरे खेमे में मोती लाल नेहरु
थे। मतभेद था सरकार बनाने को लेकर। मोती लाल नेहरु चाहते थे कि स्वतंत्र भारत
की सरकार अंग्रेजो के साथ कोई संयोजक सरकार (Coalition Government) बने। जबकि
गंगाधर तिलक कहते थे कि अंग्रेजो के साथ मिलकर सरकार बनाना तो भारत के लोगों
को धोखा देना है। इस मतभेद के कारण लोकमान्य तिलक कांग्रेस से निकल गए और
उन्होंने गरम दल बनाया। कोंग्रेस के दो हिस्से हो गए। एक नरम दल और एक गरम दल।

गरम दल के नेता थे लोकमान्य तिलक जैसे क्रन्तिकारी। वे हर जगह वन्दे मातरम
गाया करते थे। और नरम दल के नेता थे मोती लाल नेहरु (यहाँ मैं स्पष्ट कर दूँ
कि गांधीजी उस समय तक कांग्रेस की आजीवन सदस्यता से इस्तीफा दे चुके थे, वो
किसी तरफ नहीं थे, लेकिन गाँधी जी दोनों पक्ष के लिए आदरणीय थे क्योंकि गाँधी
जी देश के लोगों के आदरणीय थे)। लेकिन नरम दल वाले ज्यादातर अंग्रेजो के साथ
रहते थे। उनके साथ रहना, उनको सुनना, उनकी बैठकों में शामिल होना। हर समय
अंग्रेजो से समझौते में रहते थे। वन्देमातरम से अंग्रेजो को बहुत चिढ होती थी।
नरम दल वाले गरम दल को चिढाने के लिए 1911 में लिखा गया गीत "जन गण मन" गाया
करते थे और गरम दल वाले "वन्दे मातरम"।

नरम दल वाले अंग्रेजों के समर्थक थे और अंग्रेजों को ये गीत पसंद नहीं था तो
अंग्रेजों के कहने पर नरम दल वालों ने उस समय एक हवा उड़ा दी कि मुसलमानों को
वन्दे मातरम नहीं गाना चाहिए क्यों कि इसमें बुतपरस्ती (मूर्ति पूजा) है। और
आप जानते है कि मुसलमान मूर्ति पूजा के कट्टर विरोधी है। उस समय मुस्लिम लीग
भी बन गई थी जिसके प्रमुख मोहम्मद अली जिन्ना थे। उन्होंने भी इसका विरोध करना
शुरू कर दिया क्योंकि जिन्ना भी देखने भर को (उस समय तक) भारतीय थे मन,कर्म और
वचन से अंग्रेज ही थे उन्होंने भी अंग्रेजों के इशारे पर ये कहना शुरू किया और
मुसलमानों को वन्दे मातरम गाने से मना कर दिया।

जब भारत सन 1947 में स्वतंत्र हो गया तो जवाहर लाल नेहरु ने इसमें राजनीति कर
डाली। संविधान सभा की बहस चली। संविधान सभा के 319 में से 318 सांसद ऐसे थे
जिन्होंने बंकिम बाबु द्वारा लिखित वन्देमातरम को राष्ट्र गान स्वीकार करने पर
सहमति जताई। बस एक सांसद ने इस प्रस्ताव को नहीं माना। और उस एक सांसद का नाम
था पंडित जवाहर लाल नेहरु। उनका तर्क था कि वन्दे मातरम गीत से मुसलमानों के
दिल को चोट पहुचती है इसलिए इसे नहीं गाना चाहिए (दरअसल इस गीत से मुसलमानों
को नहीं अंग्रेजों के दिल को चोट पहुंचती थी)। अब इस झगडे का फैसला कौन
करे, तो वे पहुचे गाँधी जी के पास। गाँधी जी ने कहा कि जन गन मन के पक्ष में
तो मैं भी नहीं हूँ और तुम (नेहरु ) वन्देमातरम के पक्ष में नहीं हो तो कोई
तीसरा गीत तैयार किया जाये। तो महात्मा गाँधी ने तीसरा विकल्प झंडा गान के रूप
में दिया "विजयी विश्व तिरंगा प्यारा झंडा ऊँचा रहे हमारा"। लेकिन नेहरु जी उस
पर भी तैयार नहीं हुए। नेहरु जी का तर्क था कि झंडा गान ओर्केस्ट्रा पर नहीं
बज सकता और जन गन मन ओर्केस्ट्रा पर बज सकता है। उस समय बात नहीं बनी तो नेहरु जी ने इस मुद्दे को गाँधी जी की मृत्यु तक टाले
रखा और उनकी मृत्यु के बाद नेहरु जी ने जन गण मन को राष्ट्र गान घोषित कर दिया
और जबरदस्ती भारतीयों पर इसे थोप दिया गया जबकि इसके जो बोल है उनका अर्थ कुछ
और ही कहानी प्रस्तुत करते है,और दूसरा पक्ष नाराज न हो इसलिए वन्दे मातरम को
राष्ट्रगीत बना दिया गया लेकिन कभी गया नहीं गया। नेहरु जी कोई ऐसा काम नहीं
करना चाहते थे जिससे कि अंग्रेजों के दिल को चोट पहुंचे, मुसलमानों के वो इतने
हिमायती कैसे हो सकते थे जिस आदमी ने पाकिस्तान बनवा दिया जब कि इस देश के
मुसलमान पाकिस्तान नहीं चाहते थे,जन गण मन को इस लिए तरजीह दी गयी क्योंकि वो
अंग्रेजों की भक्ति में गाया गया गीत था और वन्देमातरम इसलिए पीछे रह गया
क्योंकि इस गीत से अंगेजों को दर्द होता था।

बीबीसी ने एक सर्वे किया था। उसने पूरे संसार में जितने भी भारत के लोग रहते
थे, उनसे पुछा कि आपको दोनों में से कौन सा गीत ज्यादा पसंद है तो 99 % लोगों
ने कहा वन्देमातरम। बीबीसी के इस सर्वे से एक बात और साफ़ हुई कि दुनिया के
सबसे लोकप्रिय गीतों में दुसरे नंबर पर वन्देमातरम है। कई देश है जिनके लोगों
को 
  Commented by  Chetan Dave, eprism solution    | 03 18 2014 19:06:00 +0000
The poem was composed in December 1911, coinciding with the visit of King George V at the time of the Coronation Durbar of George V, and "Bharat Bhagya vidhata" and "Adhinayaka" was believed to be in praise of King George V as per the British newspapers. The composition was first sung during a convention of the then loyalist Indian National Congress in Calcutta on 26 Dec 1911.[2] It was sung on the second day of the convention, and the agenda of that day devoted itself to a loyal welcome of George V on his visit to India. The event was reported thus in the British Indian press:
"The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore sang a song composed by him specially to welcome the Emperor." (Statesman, Dec. 28, 1911)
"The proceedings began with the singing by Rabindranath Tagore of a song specially composed by him in honour of the Emperor." (Englishman, Dec. 28, 1911)

"When the proceedings of the Indian National Congress began on Wednesday 27th December 1911, a Bengali song in welcome of the Emperor was sung. A resolution welcoming the Emperor and Empress was also adopted unanimously." (Indian, Dec. 29, 1911)
  Commented by  Shiva Prasad, Production Supervisor, Chloride Alloys India LTD    | 02 14 2014 06:57:44 +0000
dear friends 
rabindranath tagore was not only writer. he was a prophet in 18th century,he was telling about kalki avatar,Dharma yuga founder lahari krishna. through jana gana mana he given message to all about lahari krishna only. Our national anthem was particularly saying about kalki avatar.he is the our bharatha bhagya vidhata.he came on earth,If u want to know about lahari,you can search in google. www.lahari krishna counsiousness.com
  Commented by  SHIVA, 11th student, vsec    | 11 16 2013 11:24:16 +0000
ARE YOU MAD........??????????????   IF not, Then plz. check out the following links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jana_Gana_Mana
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2002-12-28/bangalore/27313637_1_patriotic-song-jana-gana-mana-emperor

YOU IDIOT, HOW DARE YOU DISRESPECT AND TALK AGAINST GURUDEV RABINDRANATH TAGORE??????
DO YOU KNOW WHO HE WAS???? DO YOU HAVE THE CAPABILITY TO FETCH A NOBLE PRIZE FOR OUR COUNTRY....... PEOPLE LIKE LIKE YOU HAVE SPOILED OUR COUNTRY.......AND ARE MISGUIDING PEOPLE!!!!!!!!!IDIOT:::::  JAA JAAKE HISTORY PADH LE KAYDE SE........IDIOT!!!!!!!
I LOVE MY COUNTRY AND ANYONE WHO SPEAKS AGAINST IT DOES NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO LIVE HERE!!!!!!!!! JAI HIND.........
  Commented by  Nihar Singh    | 09 26 2013 13:25:54 +0000
Rating : +1 
Tagore wrote Jana Gana Mana for Lord Krishna.

http://www.indiaprwire.com/pressrelease/other/20121126137764.htm

Short Proof
http://www.hamiltoninstitute.com/jana-gana-mana-indias-national-anthem-an-inferential-linguistic-analysis/

Complete Proof
http://www.articlebiz.com/article/1051510433-1-jana-gana-mana-for-lord-krishna/

  Commented by  Shiva, Apparel/Garment Designer, LNJ Denim    | 04 22 2013 05:49:11 +0000
Rating : +1 
Rabindranath Tagore's Words
Controversy shadowed Jana Gana Mana from the day of its first rendition in 1911 at the Congress session in Calcutta. King George V was scheduled to arrive in the city on 30 December and a section of the Anglo-Indian English press in Calcutta thought – and duly reported – that Tagore's anthem was a homage to the emperor.[13]
The poet rebutted such claims in a letter written in 1939: "I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity."[13] In another letter to Pulin Behari Sen, Tagore later wrote, "A certain high official in His Majesty's service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India's chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense."
  Commented by  Rajkumar Chaudhary, Computer Operator/ Data Entry, oxfam    | 10 26 2012 10:56:09 +0000
Rating : -1 
WHAT TO SPEAK OF ENGLISH AND CULTURE WHICH BECOME OUR HEART AND SOLE 
BABU WHICH HAMPERED DEVELOPMENT .EVERY INDIAN ALSO FEELING PROUD IN SPEAKING ENGLISH ,WRITING AND ADOPTING WESTERN CULTURE  
  Commented by  S.K.BAGGA, Material Mgmt Executive/Manager, ITI LIMITED    | 09 09 2012 14:53:16 +0000
Rating : +2 
We should respect the National  Anthem like our parents
  Commented by  Arundhati Chattopadhyay, Post Doctoral Fellow, Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston    | 08 16 2012 14:52:30 +0000
Rating : +1 
The song was first sung in  Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911 (Wikipedia). And the queen came in 1919..it is irrational to think such a mean way. And shame on those who blindly believe on some stupid facts.
  Commented by  Gaurav Rai, Programmer, Iris It Solution Pvt. Ltd.    | 08 09 2011 09:13:50 +0000
Rating : +1 
This is to admin "Please delete this article. Its worths nothing."
We are proud to be Indian.
I think this is only seeing things in optimistic or pessimistic way. Better to focus on today's need, instead of feeling shameful, pity,  and all rubbish. 
  Commented by  Gaurav Rai, Programmer, Iris It Solution Pvt. Ltd.    | 08 09 2011 09:13:24 +0000
Rating : +1 
This is to admin "Please delete this article. Its worths nothing."
We are proud to be Indian.
I think this is only seeing things in optimistic or pessimistic way. Better to focus on today's need, instead of feeling shameful, pity,  and all rubbish. 
  Commented by  Abhishek Misra, System Software Engineer, IBM    | 02 27 2011 10:40:56 +0000
Well till date I too thought that JanGanMan is a slavery anthem. I agree that VandeMataram may not have been picked up due to political reasons.   Following facts make me believe that JanGanMan is indeed patriotic

1. This couplet by Tagore written composed long before JanGanMan http://theotherpages.org/poems/2000/t/tagore01.html

The Heaven of Freedom that he describes and longs for, its amazing; look at the clarity and depth of his vission. It would be too shallow of a man with such perfection of thaoughts to fall to traps of praising a userper.     

2. Poets have a sence of consistancy and in Bharat Bhagya Vidhata, he indeed refers to  the same God as he referred to in the couplet above.

3. Why we doubt that Rabibdranath? because Indira did Emergency, Rajiv did Bofors, Lalu did fodder, Vajpai lost to hijackers and the list goes on exponentially. We lack reasons to trust our leader and we tend to characterise all of them as rascals. 

4. Dr. Rajendra Prasad our first president; its sad that just too foolish Prathibha Patil is our president as of today. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a very active with unmatched intellect and highly constructive. There no way a person of his intellect could have joined a government that forced a slavery anthem on us. 

5. Pakistan's Choice : This is the biggest reason. Post world war Pakistan choose to side with nuclear proven America. They chose a gaurdian, contrary to this Nehru channalized all his powers to Non-Alligned Movement; a decleration of independence in itself, a decleration of self belief, a decleration of self rule. Now it is possible that Nehru may have had intense desire to be 'official leader' of this country and may have had objectional feelings for Lady Mountbatten, NAM however is not a symbol of freedom but an act of self determination. Thus Nehru could not have in any way agreed to some anthem of slavery. Pakistan till date is rulled unidentified entities.

6. Thou are the ruler of the minds of all people, dispenser of India's destiny.
The name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujurat and Maratha. Of the Dravid and Orissa and Bengal.
It Echoes in the hills of Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for your blessing and sing thy praise. The salvation of all peaople is thy hand, thou dispenser of India's destiny. Victory, Victory, Victory to thee.

This couplet dosent explicitly state as to who is the 'Bhagya VIdhata', thus is subject to ambiguity if unresearched. Poets intellect is some waht complex compared to that of a common man and thus we tend to overlook what Tagore was imagining and longing for over decades.
  Commented by  Himanshu Buckchash, B.Tech/B.E. student, H.B.T.I.    | 02 07 2011 19:24:32 +0000
Rating : +1 
those who didnt know this matter, how surprising it now looks that they have started debating on it... i would say feelings are more important than words... every now and then there are discriminations on casts or religions or foreigners or what not...how can a mere kink like described here make us think its a question of integrity...
whenever i recite national anthem, my soul gets wet in pain for the pain our freedom fighters bore, i only see our ideals who gave their lives for our freedom and i only feel about the oneness of us...
i dont understand why every time such questions are raised... are 'the attacks by terrorists, blood sucking by politicians, riots in the name of religion/gender/clans, etc' less that you started with your so called movement for changing national anthem..  is this what you call creativity and having a hawk eye to whip our integrity...,
how can one feel himself or be the analyst when one is barely aware of the real situations prevailed then, as a lot of the real content gets change when it is passed from one generation to another or in the form of literature.... 
when its just a half half situation that whether "bharat bhagya vidhata" has been said for English Monarch or for the lord(god) then why people are poking unto English Monarch, why cant we just accept it as the lord, i dont understand whether it is the feelings and dedication that we have when we recite our anthem or just this unborn controversial figment of some self deluded person's mind, that is important...?
this country has suffered a lot... please stop dividing people. JAI HIND
  Commented by  Sandeep Thakur, Counselor, Surya Group of Companies    | 01 28 2011 14:50:56 +0000
A week back i came to know that our national anthem is not for our motherland glory but for King George V and Queen Elizabeth. Let us make ourself feel good about it that if we can make songs for their glory then we can do far better for the glory of our motherland. A song can't deviate us from our origin. Our unity, honesty and patriocity is always for our motherland and not for King George V and Queen Elizabeth. I love my nation and my national anthem (to whomsoever it may concern). 
  Commented by  Rajesh Kumar, CEO/MD/Director, Career Computer Axis    | 12 21 2010 05:02:11 +0000
Rating : +1 
According to my view it is a anti - national article and should be deleted.
  Commented by  Saurabh Jain, Product Development Executive, synchem pharmaceuticals    | 12 15 2010 07:02:36 +0000
tru e the song was sung during the kings george and queen visit

the song reefers to the the god of destiny and it goes like this

JAN GAN MAN ADHINAYAK which refers to the mass or people who have guided us and who r responsible for the destiny of india

if u still feel suspicion read this excerpt 

Justification
December 1911
A High official in Indian National Congress approaches Gurudev and requests him to write something in the praise of Visiting Monarch. Gurudev felt quite disturbed at the very idea. In his own words:

A certain high official in His Majesty’s service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense

It seem quite natural. You are asked to do a job against your conscience. And what do you do? You revolt and do something magnificent and exactly opposite way. This is what Gurudev did. He wrote a poem in praise of God – The real monarch. And the song was sung. But it still gives rise to several questions:

But How can we be so sure that it was not in praise of King?
There are several points which clearly highlights that it was not in the praise of the British King:

Why was the controversy a non-starter in 1911? Because Gurudev was well known for his attitude towards the British Government. He was the first Indian to be honoured with Knighthood. Rabindra Nath Tagore returned that great honour in protest to Jalian wala Bagh massacre. Need we say more? A literary work can’t really be separated from the character of the author. Can it be? 
Anybody who has read the other works of Gurudev and most notably Gitanjali (that won him yet another highest award – Nobel prize) will constantly find the mention of divine monarch – The God and not the king of Britain. Once again Jana-gana-mana need to seen as one of the many works of Gurudev and not an isolated incident. 
Jana-gana-mana has 5 stanjas. In the third stanja he writes: 
युगयुग धावित यात्री, 
हे चिर-सारथी, 
तव रथ चक्रेमुखरित पथ दिन-रात्रि

which refer to the same personality (as in rest of the poetry) to have held the reins of India’s chariot through ages (for the most ancient times), day and night, on the straight and the curve paths. Now, even King George, at this point, though may feel flattered,  won’t agree. Still there seem to be a section of people who took Gurudev as some stupid poet using his verse without intellect or intelligence. Gurudev lacked neither. If he really had to praise the King, he was sure to have chosen his words carefully.

How is it that all the leading news paper reported it as being sung in the praise of Monarch?
As already mentioned the same section news papers also attributed the authorship of Vandemataram to Rabindra Nath Tagore. They also reported Jana-Gana-Mana to be a Hindi song. What do  we learn from these mistakes? The basic idea that they didn’t had clear idea about Indian literary works and they often failed to distinguish one author from other and one language from other. Either they cared not or couldn’t understand the real essence of Indian culture and practices.

It has been years old Indian tradition to start any occasion and celebration, related to anything, with a prayer to God. The same thing happened on Dec 27th, 1911. Gurudev graced the occasion by a prayer to the almighty. Rest of the day was of course devoted in welcoming the King. Most likely the press missed out this subtle aspect.

If the newspapers presented Rabindra Nath Tagore in wrong light, how is it that he never contradicted it?
I will quote Gurudev, himself, on this issue:

I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity as to sing in praise of George the Fifth as the Eternal Charioteer leading the pilgrims on their journey through countless ages of the timeless history of mankind
  Commented by  Amit, Senior officer, Central Government    | 01 27 2010 06:19:33 +0000
Rating : +1 
This is all non-sense. The” Jana Gana Mana” was composed by Shri Rabindranath Tagore and first sung at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress on December 27th, 1911. Whereas, King George V and the Queen of England visited India in 1919. These illogical and false comments are posted only to disgrace India's Unity, its diversity and its assets. I request all readers to please verify the blogs and comments posted by any one before taking it as granted.
  Commented by  Shiuli Mukherji, Film Producer, Global Films Malaysia    | 11 11 2009 07:00:33 +0000
Rating : +1 
Yes the song which has become national anthem was written pre- independence by Tagore glorifying the King George V and Queen Elizabeth. 
Jan Gan Mann was chosen as the National Anthem of independent India. Vande Mataram was rejected on the grounds that Muslims opposed idol worship felt offended by its depiction of the nation as "Mother Durga"—a Hindu goddess. Muslims also felt that its origin as part of Anandmath, a novel they felt had an anti-muslim message. Therefore in 1937 the Indian National Congress discussed at length the status of the song. It was pointed out then that though the first two stanzas began with an unexceptionable evocation of the beauty of the motherland, in later stanzas there are references where the motherland is likened to the Hindu goddess Durga. Therefore, the Congress decided to adopt only the first two stanzas as the national song. To this day the national songs of India consists of only these first two stanzas of Vande Mataram, along with the national anthem Jana gan mana and Saare Jahan Se accha.
But so what do you think the current congress govt will make an amendment to its National anthem for the benefit of Secular India?
For reference kindly visit National Library of Kolkata.
  Commented by  Pradeep Pantula, Sr. Software Engineer, Alacriti Infosystems Pvt. Ltd.    | 11 11 2009 05:29:54 +0000
I'm not sure that the content written above is a fact.

We as Indians as One with Unity has accepted "Jana Gana Mana" as National Anthem of our country and every text is mentioning we are praising Bharat (India) and we are singing for decades and will be continued for next 500 and more years.
And there is no point in discussing about this or doubting the patriotism of Tagore gi. 
He has written this with great intellect, pride and honor. 
Our anthem is known and respected by many others outside India also. This song is the greatest song for out country.

There is no point in feeling ashame of this.
What ever may be the reasons "Jana Gana Mana" is out National Anthem as Mr. Ruben said.

Please do not post these kind of debate topics as it is inclined to spoil the Unity and may create many problems. 
  Commented by  kawaljit kaur aka priya, B.Com student, ssic-vikram university    | 11 10 2009 17:26:23 +0000
such fact true or not true .is tough to verify but before objecting the patriotism of RABINDRANATH TAGORE .one should go through his poem FREEDOM (ya.it there in school textbooks).but ,it is a real shocker ....thnx to author, i didn't know it.
  Commented by  aniel sharma, Sr.customer service associate, Intelenet Global Services    | 11 04 2009 21:09:02 +0000
omg...!!! i nvr knew it....n m sure majority of us wont knw it for sure...!!!
  Commented by  sachin, REVENUE ANALYST, IKAN COMMUNICATIONS    | 11 04 2009 06:35:26 +0000
Rating : +1 
It is a bad feeling to listen this...I Vote "Bande Maatram" is better and more realistic....
  Commented by  Ajay Ziz, Deputy Registrar, University of Jammu    | 10 26 2009 11:22:36 +0000
POINT TAKEN , SARIKA SINGH JEE..

YOU KNOW EMPTY VESSELS MAKE NOISE ::
YOU ALL SHOULD ALLOW ME TO MAKE NOISE..
  Commented by  Biranchi Narayan Acharya, Senior Project Manager, Simplex Infrastructures Ltd    | 10 26 2009 08:02:45 +0000
Rating : +1 
Well it's a fact that 'Jana gana Mana' is written to welcome King Goerge. But when it is accepted as National anthem,British throne is no more the addressee. We accpted that mother land is our addressee. Thus any welcome song written for some body else if in changed scenario adopted to address some body else, I don't find any wrong. Vande Mataram, Janaganmana & even 'Sare Jahanse Achha' & many other songs qualify for national song or anthem.

It does not matter for whom the song was written originally. It matters for whome we use at the moment.
  Commented by  Darshil, CEO/MD/Director, Darshil Cotton Company    | 10 26 2009 07:53:10 +0000
It was an eye opener to all of us who believed that the origination of the song was for our nation and its pride. But I beleive that Vande Mataram has far more respect embedded for our nation and its pride. So we can make it as our national anthem of pride
  Commented by  Sarika Singh, Assistant Professor, BIT    | 10 26 2009 06:57:01 +0000
Rating : +2 
Mr. Ajay, according to Puranas, once upon a time, the whole world was known as Bharatvarsha. So there is nothing wrong when u call the seven continents as Bharat. Please don't talk ill about Tagoreji. He is pride of our nation. And also, its very funny to see, being an Indian, you are not sure about the author of our national anthem- Rabindranath Tagore or Bankim Chandra chaterjee. In that case how can someone expect you have proper knowledge about the glories of our past ? And with this little knowledge, you are making fun of our great minds and pride !!! Its not right ...
  Commented by  Ajay Ziz, Deputy Registrar, University of Jammu    | 10 26 2009 05:19:52 +0000
bharat bhagya vidhaata &  vande matram :::

bharat  :: mataram  ::  what bankim / tagore had in minds ::
sapatakhanda :: seven continents the territories of bharat in ancient times ...
  Commented by  Somnath Ghosh, Manager, BVFCL    | 10 26 2009 04:12:36 +0000
Rating : +2 
What is the veracity of facts as expressed in the article on original composition of “Jana Gana Mana”?  We come across poems written by Tagore which glorifies Mother India. We come across hundreds of composition where the Poet has addressed Gad as “Bhagya vidata”  or father or supreme being or in some other poetic expression. I have never come across a poem composed on praise of British Rule  or Ruler. If any of you know any such poem? Please let me know.


A poem can be interpreted/ misinterpreted in different ways. The present interpretation is work of novice and should be deplored as “Jana Gana Mana” is our National Anthem as Shri Reuben Ray has already commented.
  Commented by  Reuben Ray, Regional Manager, Tata Capital Ltd    | 10 24 2009 10:27:52 +0000
Rating : +1 
Those were the things of past and it should not bother our present or future. Now whenever we sing or hear our National Anthem, we think of present Bharat and stand in respect of India without bothering of its cause of origination. Whatever be its reason, now it is in the praise and respect of India and ourselves.
  Commented by  Reuben Ray, Regional Manager, Tata Capital Ltd    | 10 24 2009 09:23:46 +0000
Interesting!!! truly an eye opener!!
  Commented by  Baagyalakshmi Nagarajan, Director Sales, South, Out of Home Media    | 10 23 2009 11:28:52 +0000
This is an eye opener on how we truly have a herd mentality about certain things!  This ignorance over decades singing the praise of a history gone by is quite apalling to my senses.  Thank you for this information. 

Yes maybe its time for change>
  Commented by  Deepak Agrawal, Research Associate/Business Analyst, EDS    | 10 20 2009 12:42:10 +0000
This is really a very big blunder. I didn't know that since childhood I am prasing British monarch rather than our own motherland. It's really shame on Indian politician for making " Jana Gana Mana" our national anthem instead of "Vande Matram". I am sure majority of Indian's doesn't know this truth, they will be shocked when they realize the truth just as I am.
  Commented by  Sarika Singh, Assistant Professor, BIT    | 10 20 2009 11:25:08 +0000
Rating : 0 
Its very shameful when a citizen don't understand the meaning of his own national anthem. Our National anthem is our pride and if we don't understand its meaning, we don't know anything about our land. Nice article indyacentral, thanks for sharing...
  Commented by  Nitin M Aras, Head/VP/GM-Tech. Support, Wintech Taparia Limited    | 10 20 2009 07:04:54 +0000
It is very common, most of the people do not know how, when and objective of origination of our national anthem... This subject was debated during parliamentry session which song to be our national anthem... and it was well documented that approximately 70% voting for Vande Matram not for Jan Gan Man....Since Bakinmchandra has wrote this book Anand Math four times... first, second and third time it was revolutionary movement against Mughals or Muslims...Fourth time he found that this novel become a reason for communal riots hance he revised and made this revoultionary movement against english ruins...
The same thing was observed that selection of Vande Matram might be a reason for communal riots which was quite sensitive matter in those days....
Jan Gan Man represents the part geographic scenerio of the country hence was elected as national anthem as suggested by Parliamentry committee... 
I can say again a wrong decision made by independent India Parliament... Just read Anand Math original and revised version.
  Commented by  Vivek Singh, Construction Manager L&T    | 10 20 2009 03:42:01 +0000
I knew that the national anthem was written in praise of our rulers and not motherland. But there are many other details in this article which have added to my knowledge.
This fact actually came out during a debate on adaptation of Vande Mataram (if I correctly remember in parliament also) but was 'booed' out as rightist's (RSS etc) point of view.
There was more behind not accepting Vande mataram. It was a rightist's song and was thus considered non-secular and as we know those who do not pray any body else than to whom they call God find it difficult to recite something in glory of motherland (but no matter if it is in glory of a king and I am not sarcastic, I am flat). 
Saare Jahan se achcha was also an option but firstly it was too much hindi for the southern indians and secondly the author left India for pakistan. 
 

  Commented by  Kumbakonam S Venkataraman, Associate Editor, Dynamic Youth online magazine    | 10 20 2009 02:52:43 +0000
Truly, this is news for me! I am ashamed of my own ignorance! Till now I was under the impression that the song praises Bharata Mata. Non-Hindi speaking people have at least an excuse. The first time I saw it in my school book with the heading in Tamil 'Bharatathaai vaazhthu'. But how Hindi speaking people tolerated such an obvious blunder!

If we are still singing the praise of the past British Monarch, when we ought to be praising our Nation, is it not humiliating and exasperating? 

Rabindranath Tagore at least renounced his Knighthood in protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre; which means he had mended his ways. But our politicians, who are responsible for such a blunder, can never be pardoned.

I understand that Bangladesh also has a poem of Rabindranath Tagore as its national anthem; I wonder what it could be!

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