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Topic : Worldwide missile wars
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By : Atul Kumar, Project Lead, Satyam Computers
Activity:  12 comments  85635 views  last activity : 03 26 2014 03:35:13 +0000
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Military Strength: Comapre India and Pakistan

Manpower and Ground Forces



India has the second largest manpower in its military globally - at 3,773,300 personell (2005), next only to China. Pakistan has a much smaller manpower of 1,449,000 personell which is proportionally higher than India in terms of their population ratios. Pakistan’s ground forces are equipped with American or Chinese weapons like FIM 92 Stinger SAMs, BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles, T-82 tanks and other equipments. Indian ground forces are equipped mostly by home-made or Soviet technologies like IR guided 9K35 Strela-10 SAMs, 3rd Gen IR guided Nag anti-tank missiles, UAVs and a large inventory of tanks and support vehicles. In terms of numbers and equipments, both Indian and Pakistani ground forces are on an closely equal footing.

Comparison of Air Forces

As of 2006, Indian Air Force (IAF) has over 170,000 personnel and 3,382 aircrafts of which 1,330 are combat aircrafts operating off 61 airbases - making it the fourth largest air force in the world. India’s strike fighters consist of Russian and French aircrafts like Mikoyan MiG-29, Dassault Mirage 2000, Sukhoi Su-30 - the last one developed under dual licensing by HAL, India’s aerospace industry in Bangalore. In addition to these, India’s air force owns ground attack aircrafts, reconnaissance aircrafts, UAVs and support helicopters - a majority of them either of Soviet or French origin. Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has about 530 combat aircrafts and over 65,000 active personnel, operating out of 9 airbases. Its strike fighters consist of US, Chinese and French fighters like F-16 Fighting Falcon, JF-17 Thunder and Dassault Mirage ROSE-III. It also has transport aircrafts like Lockheed Martin C-130 and Airbus A310, however there are no UAVs or reconnaissance aircrafts in the Pakistani Air Force.

Naval and Sea Based Forces

After the overwhelming losses in the 1971 war against India, Pakistan rapidly increased the size of its naval fleet which doubled in the 1980s after a massive 3.2 billion dollar military and economic aid by US President Ronald Reagan. At present, Pakistan’s navy owns over 45 vessels , most of them of US or European origin which include submarines, destroyers, frigates, patrol and mine warfare boats. It operates from its sole naval port in Karachi and naval facilities in UK, USA and France. It had recently been involved in various humanitarian operations during the 2005 Tsunami in South East Asia. Indian Navy on the other hand, is a three dimensional naval force consisting of missile-capable warships, an aircraft carrier, mine sweepers and a host of marine aircrafts; most of its warships indigenously built in its own dockyards. The navy operates from its major naval bases in Visakhapatnam, Mumbai, Goa and the Andaman Islands. Indian Navy has significant capabilities of being a true blue water Navy and is experienced both in war and peacekeeping operations in the Indian Ocean.

The Nuclear Club

India tested a nuclear bomb in 1974 using materials from Canada and technical help from Soviet Union. However the embargo in heavy water export from Canada after the test stalled India’s nuclear ambitions till 1998, when it shocked the world by conducting five nuclear detonations termed as Shakti tests. The highest yield was by a 48 kiloton staged fusion device, which India claimed was a thermonuclear bomb but seismic data on the tests proved otherwise. In the same year 1998, Pakistan conducted a series of six nuclear detonations in a test termed as Chagai. The highest yield was reported to be about 25 kiloton from a two stage boosted device. At present Pakistan’s nuclear stockpile is slated to be around 30-40 warheads while India possesses 70-100 warheads. The nuclearisation of India and Pakistan became a turning point in the history of conflicts between these two countries with high tensions but no war, not very much unlike the US vs USSR Cold War.

Ballistic and Cruise Missile Proliferation

In the nuclear delivery front, both India and Pakistan have a series of ballistic and cruise missiles in addition to ground attack aircrafts. The maximum range among India’s operational ballistic missiles is 2000 km achieved by Agni-2. India’s Agni ballistic missiles are indigenously developed by its own missile defence industry known as IGMDP. The maximum range among Pakistan’s missiles is by Hatf V Gauri which is reported to do over 2200 kms. Pakistan’s Hatf missiles are based on North Korean No-Dong series of IRBMs. Both Pakistan’s Hatf and India’s Agni ballistic missiles are nuclear capable. India has also developed a supersonic cruise missile BrahMos which is by far the fastest cruise missile at Mach 2.6 and maximum range of 290 km. It is reported to be nuclear capable but it is not confirmed yet. On the Pakistan side, its Babur cruise missile has a reported range of 700 km and a maximum speed of 880 km/h (Mach 0.7). As with India BrahMos, Babur is also reported to be nuclear capable but there is no confirmation yet.

The Final Verdict

Both Pakistan and India are almost evenly matched head to head in nuclear and missile fronts, however India has strategic and technological superiority over the conventional forces of Pakistan. Indian Navy is larger in fleet and personnel size with a more varied range of ships including an aircraft carrier while Pakistan’s Navy is smaller and has no aircraft carriers. Indian’s IAF is equipped with highly capable fighters like 4.5th generation Su-30s and 4th gen Mirage 2000s which are technologically superior to Pakistan PAF’s F-16s and Mirage IIIs. Additionally Indian pilots are better trained and more capable in air combat than Pakistani forces as was demonstrated by its various wars with Pakistan or joint exercises with US and UK. In the area of conventional ground forces both the Indian as well as Pakistani Army is well equipped and highly trained to survive in extremities of topography and climate in combat conditions, like wars in the high Himalayas.

If a purely conventional war were to take place between both these countries, India would most likely overpower Pakistan owing to its superior military technology and infrastructure, larger manpower, more territorial area and a strategic advantage in its sea and air forces. It must also be noted that a war between these two countries will matter more than India’s conventional superiority as both these nations are nuclear powers on an equal deadlock. India has maintained a ‘no first use’ nuclear policy on the lines of a similar policy by China while Pakistan does not have any such policy, considering their only hope against India is in nuclear deterrence. It would be risky for India at the present scenario to go into any aggressive war against Pakistan as the repercussions would be serious a nuclear devastation for both countries.


Comment:

India's numerical and technical superiority in a conventional war is beyond question - therefore Pakistan's low nuclear threshold and maintenance of the first-use option.

However, in a surgical kind of strike being talked about in Indian and Pakistani circles, over Muridke or Muzaffarabad , cruise missiles are likely to be used. The Pakistani and Indian capability is evenly matched in these except for India's supersonic cruise missile with a speed of Mach 2.6 which is an obvious advantage in this kind of a strike, but it only has a range of 290 kms - enough to reach Muridke if launched from East Punjab but not much more. Pakistan's answer is the Babur cruise missile with a range of 700 km and a speed of Mach 0.7 - sub-sonic but pretty fast.

UAV's was the other Indian advantage which has recently been matched by Pakistan.

With the evenly matched air, missile and nuclear capability, a surgical strike doesn't seem to be the best option. If India is to win, it will have to be a full-scale conventional war with both sides avoiding breaching the other's nuclear threshold.

Is that possible?

Therefore, I do not think there will be an India-Pakistan military confrontation.

 
12 comments on "India Vs Pakistan - Military Strength"
  Commented by  Arpit Bajpai, Design Engineer, GOVT. Leather Institute, Kanpur    | 03 26 2014 03:35:13 +0000
pakistan is no match to india even it's defence minister excepts that pakistan can never win a war against india india is in the elite club of gfp(global fire power)holding 4th position.india's policies are not even for pakistan.
india has agni-v with a range of 6000 km which is an anti ballistic missile.india is in a club of top six superpowerspowers i.e. america,russia,china,france,britain,india and today everyone wants friendship with india because it's one of the world's largest economies.it is also going to dominate the club of the gfp's n the near future.when you look around everybody is standing with india today.  
  Commented by  Azizul Haq, Doctor, AZIZ Clinic    | 08 11 2013 15:16:44 +0000
not only Indian all Hindu know that , what the fact about Muslims,Muslim's history show that always Muslims forces half or more then half of enemies but due to the fast hold of faith on Allah Muslims forces always win the fight against non-Muslim because of plannings strategy and full faith on beloved Allah.We Muslims not want a war but if you Hindu posted a war on Pakistan then we Pakistani and other people of Pakistan jointly attack on Hindu Nation with the help of All Mighty Allah,Inshahallah all world see how our Allah help us(you people know about Muhammad Bin Qasim,Sher shah sori ,ghaznavi,Baber, Tipu,Ghouri,and so many others-, but all these truth we Pakistan don't want war because in the war so many people and cities out ward,and losses lives,Hindu see don't make dramas like ajmal qasab,Parliment house attack and so many others Please don't play blame games,This is better for both Nation that we live with a good neighbors,because this is not in your holy book and not in our holy book, live carefully with love (Like a Pakistani super hit film gio or giney do) ,under stand.We Pakistani are ready for every think,say ALLAH HUAKBAR(means Allah is biggest)Thanks for reading.with love and prosperity. 
  Commented by  Mahesh Lokhande, Project Assistant, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay    | 06 11 2013 12:39:57 +0000
india always best than paki because our indian army boys fight from mind,hart they love mother land, they workshop bharat mata.in 1965 china war our army man have less bullets,guns but they fight not run away.we are better in infrastructure,food,industries than paki.or about nuclear war we are not frighten for die.india is biger than paki we have very good scientist we make more distinctive weapon than nuclear bom.paki is very small country. one bom it will disappear from wold. boom boom boom bharat mataki jai vande mataram ,har har mahadev,jai maharashtra,jai shivagi sambhaji,jai bhim
      
  Commented by  Aslam Ismail, International, PAKISTAN    | 04 24 2013 21:03:08 +0000
Rating : -1 
It’s very hard for India to make a disunion to attack Pakistan even though India has much higher prosecution holding better conventional war heads, Indian army is much bigger in size then Pakistan’s army and double then Pakistan’s Air Force but Pakistan has much better Nuclear Weapons then India, Pakistan has much Advance missile technology then India, there for India can not even think about that.

In my opinion both country should thank about there people rather then spending hundred of thousands of Dollars to buy weapons from western country it’s better to have good food and education for there own people both country should have better facilities for there country mans. 

I have experience in India hundred of thousands of homeless man and woman’s sleeping on the streets of Mumbai suffering with disease Illness and no one is there to help them out of their problems in Calcutta  you can see the same situation and if I am not wrong you can find many more cities in India, 


In Pakistan people’s are suffering with energy crises they even don’t have electricity at there house students can not study nether woman’s can cook food for there family 
because of natural gas which is the home produced of Pakistan, Factory  are not getting power supply hundreds of labor’s are job less in the Country Export has been badly damaged just because of Energy crises Pakistan is losing Millions of Dollars.    
  Commented by  Aslam Ismail, International, PAKISTAN    | 04 24 2013 20:57:42 +0000
Rating : -1 
In my opinion both country should thank about there people rather then spending hundred of thousands of Dollars to buy weapons from western country it’s better to have good food and education for there own people both country should have better facilities for there country mans. 

I have experience in India hundred of thousands of homeless man and woman’s sleeping on the streets of Mumbai suffering with disease Illness and no one is there to help them out of their problems in Calcutta  you can see the same situation and if I am not wrong you can find many more cities in India, 

It’s very hard for India to make a disunion to attack Pakistan even though India has much higher prosecution holding better conventional war heads, Indian army is much bigger in size then Pakistan’s army and double then Pakistan’s Air Force but Pakistan has much better Nuclear Weapons then India, Pakistan has much Advance missile technology then India, there for India can not even think about that.
In Pakistan people’s are suffering with energy crises they even don’t have electricity at there house students can not study nether woman’s can cook food for there family 
because of natural gas which is the home produced of Pakistan, Factory  are not getting power supply hundreds of labor’s are job less in the Country Export has been badly damaged just because of Energy crises Pakistan is losing Millions of Dollars.    

Aslam Ismail
  Commented by  Usman Ali, Below 10th student, GBHSIC    | 04 05 2013 19:59:56 +0000
Rating : -1 
No one can never judge or predict the result of any war with quantity of weapons. History is full of wars, where few with less weapons won(alexander, spartans, Rome when begin, Muslims when begin, salahuddin ayubi, Muhammad bin Qasim, Babar, Ghaznavi, British against Bangal empires when start occupying subcontinent, Tipu Sultan in first war and surely lots of others). No Doubt, Large armies with large weapons having greater chances to win but one can't say we are having this and our enemy didn't so we'll win. God prevent us all from war and cruelty.
  Commented by  Narendra Modi, Freelancer, Chemicals    | 01 15 2013 21:18:59 +0000
India is always in too much superiority complex and under estimate Pakistan but this time Pakistan have to prove that BABURS AND GHAZNAVIS CAME WITH JUST 50 SOLDIERS on horse back and ruled Bharat Mata for 1000 years.
  Commented by  anshul kumar, doctor, self    | 04 08 2011 22:22:39 +0000
India is developing fastly.when i was a child i saw people in real scarcities.now its totally different.there is absolutely no shortage of basic needs even in poor states.and pace of development is still fast.so practically there is no comparison in india and pakistan.i dont know why pakistani people want to compare themselves to india.there is no match and there is no need.i belong to scheduled<low> caste.when i was a child sometimes there was no food.today there is no discrimination and i am a doctor thanks for reservations and scholarships which i got at every step.nobody is that poor now.most of people have 1 or 2 children even in my community and poverty is really controlled. 
  Commented by  Akhilesh Mishra, Think3 Designs    | 02 19 2011 15:55:42 +0000
Much doubt is there regard technological capability of India. Have you seen DRDO and other organizations which are responsible for these technology transfers. Why are we hell bent on making these equipments at home when we know that another Kalmadi will eat into the money. Oh i answered my own question. Well in that case, India is going to die. It is just a paper power just like our cricket team. I will not be surprised if India loses this war.
  Commented by  Gourav Sarmai, B.Tech/B.E. student, chandigarh group ofcolleges, gharuan    | 02 18 2011 11:42:21 +0000
This report is exact & 100% true. . . . . Good  job. . . . And Mr. Latif plz justify your comment or dont write the meaningless things here. . . 
  Commented by  latif, B.B.A student, peshawar university    | 01 11 2011 13:36:21 +0000
Before making such type of reports internationally one should be neutral i think this report consists of some type of favourability and should be noted that before making such type of reports there should be exact information otherwise no need to waste people time.
  Commented by  japi, HR Manager, ACME Consultants    | 12 06 2008 04:33:01 +0000
True ............amazing sharing
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